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  3. Etymological Dictionary of Latin

Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Author: Michiel de Vaan. Latin is one of the major ancient Indo-European languages and one of the cornerstones of Indo-European studies. Since the last comprehensive etymological dictionary of Latin appeared in , enormous progress has been made in the reconstruction of Proto-Indo-European, and many etymologies have been revised. This new etymological dictionary covers the entire Latin lexicon of Indo-European origin.

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It consists of nearly entries, which altogether discuss about Latin lemmata. All words attested before Cicero are included, together with their first date of attestation in Latin. The dictionary also includes all the inherited words found in the other ancient Italic languages, such as Oscan, Umbrian and South Picene; thus, it also serves as an etymological dictionary of Italic.

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Biographical Note Michiel de Vaan Ph. It deserves to be in any serious linguistic library. Second theory proposes non-Indo-European origin. I would like to propose another theory: The word Alps comes from Gaelic and means "white stones, white cliffs, white peaks". He said in his commentary on Virgil A. X 13 that: "all high mountains are called Alpes by Celts".

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The second clue is the fact that in Latin the word "albus" is used primarily to mean "white" that is dull or matte which would mean more grayish white than bright shining white. The fourth clue is that the German word Alp or Alm meaning "seasonal high mountain pasture", from Old High German alpa, alba was originally identical to the name of the Alps German Alpen itself.


So what does this have to do with Gaelic? In Gaelic we also have this word:. Is this word derived from the fact that flocks, herds were driven up to the mountain pastures, ailban, alpen, alps, every summer? This is a high mountain pasture from Slovenian Alps. The kingdom of Alban lied mostly along the great Grampian Mountains. These are highland pastures lying under the great Grampian Mountains:.

Etymological Dictionary of Latin

This is a picture of the highland pastures under the Matterhorn peak, Valais Alps, Switzerland. Do you see any similarity? High pastures with grayish white rocky peaks?

It is cognate to Alba gen. Albann, dat. Albainn in Irish and Nalbin in Manx, the two other Goidelic Insular Celtic languages, as well as words in the Brythonic Insular Celtic languages of Cornish Alban and Welsh Yr Alban that also, in modern practice, are the Goidelic and Brythonic names for Scotland; although in the past they were names for Britain as a whole, related to the Brythonic name Albion.

Etymological Dictionary Persian English Indo European

Historically, the term refers to Britain as a whole. Is this name derived from the appearance of the white cliff of Dover, which is the first thing anyone crossing the Channel and approaching Britain would see? And hey presto, we have a name for this new land of white cliffs Thank you Tim for pointing this to me.

Gaelic speakers in Scotland used Alba dative Albainn, genitive Albann, now obsolete as the name given to the former kingdom of the Picts which lied along the Great Grampian Mountains, which is full of white greyish white rocky peaks covered in snow. Did the name originally just mean "white peaks", "the land of white peaks"? Not too many of those in Ireland, so it must have been some sight for the invading Gaels. So a fitting name for the new foreign land