The reports generally cover the period from June through May. The report assessed 65 countries and reported that 36 countries experienced a negative trajectory in Internet freedom since the previous year, with the most significant declines in Russia , Turkey and Ukraine. According to the report, few countries demonstrated any gains in Internet freedom, and the improvements that were recorded reflected less vigorous application of existing controls rather than new steps taken by governments to actively increase Internet freedom.
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The year's largest improvement was recorded in India , where restrictions to content and access were relaxed from what had been imposed in to stifle rioting in the northeastern states. Notable improvement was also recorded in Brazil , where lawmakers approved the bill Marco Civil da Internet , which contains significant provisions governing net neutrality and safeguarding privacy protection.
When the "Enemies of the Internet" list was introduced in , it listed 13 countries. From to the number of countries listed fell to 10 and then rose to The list was not updated in In the list grew to 19 with an increased emphasis on surveillance in addition to censorship. The list has not been updated since When the "Countries under surveillance" list was introduced in , it listed 10 countries. Between and the number of countries listed grew to 16 and then fell to The list was last updated in A poll of 27, adults in 26 countries, including 14, Internet users,  was conducted for the BBC World Service by the international polling firm GlobeScan using telephone and in-person interviews between 30 November and 7 February GlobeScan Chairman Doug Miller felt, overall, that the poll showed that:.
Findings from the poll include: . In July and August the Internet Society conducted online interviews of more than 10, Internet users in 20 countries. Some of the results relevant to Internet censorship are summarized below. Among the countries that filter or block online content, few openly admit to or fully disclose their filtering and blocking activities. During the Arab Spring of , media jihad media struggle was extensive. Internet and mobile technologies, particularly social networks such as Facebook and Twitter, played and are playing important new and unique roles in organizing and spreading the protests and making them visible to the rest of the world.
This successful use of digital media in turn led to increased censorship including the complete loss of Internet access for periods of time in Egypt    and Libya in In response to the greater freedom of expression brought about by the Arab Spring revolutions in countries that were previously subject to very strict censorship, in March , Reporters Without Borders moved Tunisia and Egypt from its "Internet enemies" list to its list of countries "under surveillance"  and in dropped Libya from the list entirely.
This article incorporates licensed material from the OpenNet Initiative web site.
U.S. Constitution Day: Censorship & Banned Books Week
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Internet An Opte Project visualization of routing paths through a portion of the Internet. Information infrastructure. Book Index Outline. Main article: Content-control software. Main article: Censorship. Main article: Deplatforming. See also: Twitter suspensions and Terms of Service. Main article: Internet censorship circumvention. Main article: Right to be forgotten.
Main articles: Internet censorship by country and Censorship by country. Pervasive: Large and broad. Substantial: Medium. Selective: Small and specific. Little or no. Has local YouTube version. Previously blocked. Organizations and projects : Anonymous — an online hacktivist collective that express its opposition to Internet censorship through protests and online hacking in several countries.
CIRCAMP Cospol Internet Related Child Abusive Material Project — a project of the European Chiefs of Police Task Force to combat commercial and organized distribution of child pornography The Clean IT project — a European Union-funded project with the stated aim of suppressing terrorist activity Electronic Frontier Foundation — an international non-profit digital rights advocacy and legal organization Financial Coalition Against Child Pornography — a coalition of credit card issuers and Internet services companies that seeks to eliminate commercial child pornography by taking action on the payment systems that fund these operations Freedom House — a U.
Government funded program created in at Radio Free Asia to support global Internet freedom technologies OpenNet Initiative — a joint project to monitor and report on Internet filtering and surveillance practices by nations Peacefire — a U. America's Won't Necessarily Be the Best. The New York Times. Retrieved 16 October New York Times. Retrieved 11 March Retrieved 13 February Columbia Law Review.
How Facebook's Tor service could encourage a more open web. The Guardian. Friday 5 December Chadwick, Andrew Routledge handbook of Internet politics. Routledge international handbooks.
Taylor and Francis. An American In Beijing. Retrieved 28 May How to geek. Retrieved 15 August Retrieved 5 April Retrieved 25 January The Citizen Lab. Retrieved 10 May ACLU releases report on "troubling" internet censorship in public libraries". Archived from the original on 5 December Electronic Frontier Foundation.
Retrieved 27 March Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 15 November The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 30 March Terms of Service" , Yahoo! Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while. Read preview. ABSTRACT The censorship within films can be identified through the modifying of certain contents in films that are regarded inappropriate by the censors, and the value judgment for the suitability of the contents to be censored vary depending on the country.
Goldschmidt Westview Press, Read preview Overview.
He and his fellow workers are controlled as a mass collective by the all-seeing and all-knowing presence of Big Brother. In television screens watch you, and everyone spies on everyone else. Today it is social media that collects every gesture, purchase, comment we make online, and feeds an omniscient presence in our lives that can predict our every preference. Modelled on consumer choices, where the user is the commodity that is being marketed, the harvesting of those preferences for political campaigns is now distorting democracy.
View image of Surveillance camera. Orwell understood that oppressive regimes always need enemies. In he showed how these can be created arbitrarily by whipping up popular feeling through propaganda.
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Now political, religious and commercial organisations all trade in whipping up feelings. Orwell uncannily identified the willing collusion in hate that such movements can elicit: and of course Winston observes it in himself. So, by implication might we, in ourselves. View image of Big Brother. He fought against Fascism as a volunteer in the Spanish Civil War believing pacifism was a luxury paid for by other people but realised the hollow promise of Communism, when the anti-Stalinist group he was fighting for was hunted down by the pro-Stalin faction.
He witnessed first-hand the self-deception of true believers.
They share the need to crush opposition, a fanatical terror of dissent and self-promotion. Big Brothers are no longer a joke but strut the world. The regime aims to eradicate words and the ideas and feelings they embody.